Russian Brass Icon
Saint Cyricus and Saint Julitta and Three Icons
Material: brass, casted and incised
Dimensions: 6.5 x 5 cm
Period: 18th century
This portative traveller icon contains four different subjects. At the lower right corner the full length figures of Saint Cyricus and Saint Julitta are depicted. The other three subjects are represented as icons within icon. In the upper right corner there is the icon “The Mother of God Eleousa” (in Greek) or “Umilenie” (in Russian) also known as “The Vladimir Mother of God”. In the upper left corner there is the icon “The Image Not Made by Hand”. In the lower left corner there is the icon “The Mother of God of the Sign”.
The icon has raised final in the centre of the upper side with the representation the head of God the Father. The final is pierced on the back for suspending on a cord.
The icon is made in cast brass and it is finely incised in great detail with corresponding inscriptions within all of the four representations.
According to the style and manufacturing technique the icon can be dated in the 18th century.
The legend about Cyricus and Julitta tells the story of the precocious child Cyricus blessed with equally brave mother Julitta. She was Christian, descended from an illustrious family and widowed early on. Her three – years – old son declared himself as a Christian, too. During the persecution of Diocletian, in 305. he withstood his tormentors. After the trail the child Cyricus was dashed by the executor against the steps of Magistrate’s Alexander’s throne and died. His mother was proud that her son lost his life as a Martyr and she didn’t grief. She suffered terrible tortures without resigning to Christian fate and at the end her head was cut off. Julitta also became a saint.
Those two characters are usually represented as full length figures, such as on this particular icon, Saint Julitta holding a cross and a crown of Martyrdom, and Saint Cyricus as a small boy in front of her.
All the presented dates are given to the best of our knowledge. For all further information please contact us.
For additional reading please see Russian Bronze and Brass Traveller Icons.